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What is antithrombin deficiency?

Antithrombin deficiency is a blood disorder characterized by the tendency to form clots in the veins (thrombosis). An inherited tendency to thrombosis is known as thrombophilia.Click to see full answer. Then, what causes antithrombin deficiency?Hereditary antithrombin deficiency is caused by mutations in the SERPINC1 gene. This gene provides instructions for producing a protein called antithrombin (previously known as antithrombin III). This protein is found in the bloodstream and is important for controlling blood clotting.Subsequently, question is, what is a normal antithrombin level? Different labs use slightly different normal ranges, but in general, 80% to 120% is considered normal for adults. Newborns usually have about half as much antithrombin as adults. Thrombin levels in infants rise to adult levels by about 6 months of age. Beside this, what does elevated antithrombin levels mean? Antithrombin protects us from clotting too much. If antithrombin levels are low, a person will have a tendency to clot more easily. If antithrombin levels are too high, a person could, theoretically, have a bleeding tendency.How is antithrombin deficiency treated?Treatment. Once a patient with hereditary antithrombin deficiency develops a clot, anticoagulation therapy (usually Warfarin) is often indicated. The duration of therapy after a first clot, especially in children, is a matter of some controversy, but therapy is generally continued for 3-6 months.


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