Achievements of Dr Kwame Nkrumah: Born 21st September 1909, he was the first prime minister and president of the Republic of Ghana. He was the one that led Ghana into independence from British Colonial Rule.
Till now, many tags him as the best ever president that Ghana ever had because of his visionary nature.
As such he has accomplished a lot before he was overthrown through coup d’état.
|Full name||Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah|
|Born||21 September 1909, Nkroful, Gold Coast|
|Died||27 April 1972 (aged 62); Bucharest|
|Party founded||Convention People’s Party|
|Wife||Fathia Nkrumah (m. 1957–1972)|
In this article, Celebrities Buzz would love to look at the:
Achievements of Dr Kwame Nkrumah
His achievements would be captured under the Education Sector, Health, Factories and Industries, State owned enterprises and industries, state housing and hotel projects, and many others.
Now let us look at them in details:
Seekapor recorded that Dr. Nkrumah made tremendous contributions to the development of education even though he didn’t stay in power for long. Because he believed in education and human resource as one key thing that can aid the growth of Ghana, he invested his time in raising funds for education projects.
One of his many goals was to bridge the educational gap between southern and northern Ghana.
In 1967, he initiated an act of Parliament that brought about free and compulsory basic education. His aim – to achieve free universal primary education for all.
Dr Nkrumah attached great importance to the delivery and access to education in the country as a result of his rich educational background.
In 1961, he introduced free education for primary and middle schools to ensure that every child of school age had education. It must be noted that the Education Act of 1961 (Act 87), under the tenure of Dr Nkrumah, was reviewed only last year and replaced with the current education act.
The visionary did not only end there, but introduced a policy to supply free textbooks to schoolchildren in 1963.
He attended the Government Training College (which became part of Achimota College) in Accra in 1927 and obtained Teacher’s Certificate from the college in 1930.
Under the Ghana Education Trust policy, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah built a number of Senior Secondary (High) Schools including:
- Mfantsiman Secondary School
- Ofori Panyin Secondary School
- Techiman Secondary School
- Winneba Secondary School
- Swedru Secondary School
- Apam Secondary School
- Dormaa Secondary School
- Tema Secondary School
- Oda Secondary School
- Labone Secondary School
All these schools have helped in educating most of the well respected men in Ghana and beyond. Thanks to Kwame Nkrumah.
Now students who entered the above listed secondary schools would need teachers to impart knowledge. And in ensuring that this became a reality, the country’s First President went to initiate the setting up of teacher training colleges, about 16, of which he built.
Colleges of Education
- Kwadaso College of Education,
- Atebubu Training College
- Berekum Training College
- Fosu Training College
- Enchi Training College
- Ghana National College of Cape Coast and many more.
Universities and Technical Institutes
- Kumasi Technical Institute (now University), Ajumako
- School of Languages (now under UEW),
- Accra Polytechnic now Accra Technical University
- University of Cape Coast (UCC)
- Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST)
- Institute of African Studies, Kwame Nkrumah Institute of Economics and Political Science (now south campus of UEW)
- made University of Ghana (then University College of Gold Coast affiliated to university of London) a full fledge university to award its own degrees and became their first chancellor, among others.
Other Education Policies
Free education for primary and middle schools (JHS) to ensure that every child of school age had education in Ghana.
- Built the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (previously Kumasi central hospital)
- Made Korle Bu a teaching hospital and expanded its capacity by constructing the Medical, Maternity, Surgical and Child Health blocks.
- Established the Ghana Medical School
- Free Medical care to all citizens
- Established GIHOC pharmaceuticals
- Built several hospitals and clinics.
Factories and Industries
- Abosso Glass Factory
- Zuarungu Meat Factory
- Wenchi Tomato Factory
- Kade Match Factory
- Akosombo Textiles Limited
- Kumasi Shoe Factory
- Pwalugu Tomato Factory
- Asutuare Sugar Factory
- Komenda Sugar Factory
- Kumasi Jute Factory
- Nsawam Cannery, Brick and Tile Factory
- Tarkwa Bonsa Tyre Factory
- Bolgatanga Meat Processing Factory
- Bolgatanga Rice Mill Factory
- GIHOC Fibre Products Company, etc.
State Owned Enterprises and Companies
- Ghana Black Star Line with almost 15 ships
- Bank of Ghana (BoG)
- Ghana Commercial Bank (GCB)
- Agricultural Development Bank (ADB)
- National Investment Bank (NIB)
- State Insurance Company (SIC),
- Social Security and National Insurance Trust (SSNIT),
- Ghana Oil Company (GOIL)
- Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority (GHAPOHA)
- Tema Oil Refinery (TOR)
- The National Management and Productivity Institute,
- Ghana Film Industries, Accra
- Ghana Airways Corporation
- Ghana National Trading Corporation
- Cocoa Marketing Board (COCOBOD)
- Tema Steel Works
- VALCO, etc.
State Housing and Hotel Projects
- In Accra (Labone Estate, Kanda Estates, Osu Ringway Estates, Airport Residential Area)
- In Kumasi (Patasi Estate, Kwadaso Estate, Buokrom Estates, North and South Suntreso)
- Tema Township (Communities)
- State Hotels (Star, Meridian, Ambassador, Continental now Golden Tulip Accra, Atlantic, City Hotel Catering Rest Houses now Golden Tulip Kumasi), Peduase Lodge.
- Ghana Museums
- Ghana Film Corporation
- Ghana News Agency
- Ghana Broadcasting Corporation
- Atomic Reactor Station
- Akosombo Dam
- Restructured the British Military base into Accra (now Kotoka) International Airport.
- Tema Motorway
- Tema Harbour
- Adomi Bridge
- State Farms and Institutes
NB: All the above were achieved in less than 10 years (1957 – 1966)
This list was compiled by nkrumaists.com — which is aimed at protecting the legacy of the former president.